Textiles of Bhutan

Weaving on loom in progress

Exquisite silk textile in progress; Bhutan.

Textiles, Temples and Tshechus: Bhutan

Space available!  February 28- March 15, 2020
(Fly home March 16. See bottom of page for details.)

November 30 – December 17, 2019 trip is FULL. Fly home December 17 late or December 18.

Join us on a fabulous 17-night textile tour of Bhutan to see exquisite weaving, pristine wilderness and stunning Buddhist temple monasteries! We’ll attend a festival called a tshechu where spectators show off their best traditional clothing, and costumed dancers wear carved wooden masks. And we’ll meet warmhearted people and eat delicious new foods.

Bhutan is a tiny landlocked country in the eastern Himalayas, with a progressive young king, and a beautiful queen who promotes textiles and weaving. The country is a recently-added destination for Behind the Scenes and we are very excited about it. Many people had asked me about a textile tour of Bhutan so I, Cynthia, traveled there last fall with some travel professional friends to plan two new tours. I loved everything about the country -the ultra-decorated buildings, the crisp air, the dark green forests, the kind people and the amazing handwoven clothing. I met charming guides and affable, professional drivers. Our guide was both funny and informative, and he will accompany us on the new trips. The amenable driver even hiked up to the Tiger Nest Monastery with us to help on the steep trail.

This trip reflects authentic Bhutan. The Bhutanese have safeguarded their Buddhist culture and ancient way of life, and it’s the traditional aspects that lend great charm and value to the country. We’ll spend time in the less-visited and more rural eastern regions where the weaving and little villages are spectacular.

White house in Bhutan countryside.

Valley landscape in western Bhutan.

Beautiful Bhutan!

As we travel, you’ll be amazed at the lush paddies in the valleys, and the hills covered with thick forests. Because of an avid Forest Management program, protected blue pine, spruce and cypress forests cover over 60% of the country. Bhutan was closed to outsiders for centuries but now is welcoming travelers. The infrastructure of Bhutan improves annually, thus there are now better roads and hotels than in past years.

Traveling from west to east, our group will meet in New Delhi, and conquer our jet-lag with two nights there. We’ll have a city tour (including seeing the Crafts/Hand-Loom Museum there), then fly to Paro, Bhutan. Then the adventure begins! We’ll visit both Paro and Thimpu and see a fabulous festival before heading east. See details below for the fabulous Tiger’s Nest Monastery visit, outside of Paro.

In the capital of Thimpu, we’ll visit the important and up-to-date Textile Museum, started by the modern, young Queen. Then we’ll check out a weaving center, and the Handicrafts Emporium where they sell various crafts plus handwoven fabrics.

Bhutan Tsechu festival dancer with wooden mask salutes the crowd.

Masked dancer at a Buddhist festival, Paro.

We’ll visit several large towns such as Bumthang plus many villages in the areas where the art of weaving excels. The whole eastern region is relatively undiscovered compared to the west, and it’s the area famous for the high quality woven textiles made here. Many of these destinations also have spectacular dzongs or ancient fortress-type building complexes.

Dzongs are unique architectural forms in Tibet and Bhutan. Built mainly in the seventeenth century as fortresses and centers of religious authority, today they continue to serve as important administrative and monastic centers.

As recently as 1998 by royal decree all new and remodeled buildings had to be be constructed with multi-colored carved wood façades, small arched windows, and sloping roofs. Architecture typical of Bhutan includes highly decorative window frames, carved columns, and painted beams. We will stay in hotels with this sort of decoration and will stop to check out other buildings with intriguing painted images.

Tiger Nest’s Monastery Details

Tiger's Nest Monastery perched on the cliff near Paro, Bhutan.

Tiger’s Nest Monastery clings to the cliffside.

And this wouldn’t be a trip to Bhutan without the chance to see the famous Tiger’s Nest (Paro Taktsang) Monastery in the forested mountains outside of Paro. The day-trip to the cliff monastery begins in Paro and we return to our hotel for the night.
It was constructed on the side of a cliff in 1692, near the cave where Guru Rinpoche first meditated. It’s said that he’s the person who introduced Buddhism into Bhutan. A legend relates that Guru Rinpoche was flown from Tibet to this steep cliff on the back of a tigress, thus giving it the name “Tiger’s Nest.”

Cynthia Samake riding to the Tiger's Nest Monastery on sorrel horse, in Bhutan.

Cynthia, riding to the halfway point of Tiger’s Nest.

The trek will be optional with the ascent either on foot or horseback. Horses climb only to the tea house at mid-point up the trail; you’ll have a good view of the Tiger’s Nest from here. The horses are healthy and don’t have to wear a bit, so they can pick their way along the rocky trail to find the best route. Many people walk up the rocky trail, so if you are fairly fit, it’s possible to climb up the trail on foot. (Good hiking shoes are essential for this trail.) For the last and steepest part from the tea house to the monastery, the guide will walk with those who want to climb.

Meanwhile, the rest of us can sit below at the tea house, relaxing among the prayer flags, drinking milky chai tea, and staring upward at the beautiful buildings on the cliff. It’s necessary for everyone to hike back down on foot. The descent isn’t bad if we go slowly; some people might want walking sticks for this part. And if a mountain trek isn’t your cup of tea, you can relax at the hotel or explore Paro instead!

Textile Traditions

In 2005, the Queen of Bhutan  created The Royal Textile Academy that we will visit in Thimpu. She also encouraged weaving centers so that the country’s youth may learn to appreciate, conserve and promote the weaving and fabric arts done all over the nation. She writes that “…the thagzo or art of weaving is a symbol of national identity that continues to play a significant role in all religious, official and social events. Weaving represents the very heart and soul of the country…” It’s interesting to note that while the women weave the clothing and fabrics, it’s the men who embroider and appliqué items such as temple hangings, saddle covers, shoes, hats, and ceiling canopies.

Men in traditional gho.

The guide and driver show off their typical gho.

In the past, Bhutanese citizens followed an imposed dress code. Everyone wore handwoven traditional clothing: the gho for men and the kira for women. Nowadays that has changed, and it’s required only for government and office workers, and for school uniforms. Some young people have begun to adopt jeans and sweatshirts, but many people still proudly wear typical outfits everyday. And for festivals and special occasions such as weddings, everyone dons their very best and latest styles of handmade national dress.

Traditional Dress for Men and Women

Men wear the gho, a wrapped knee-length robe with deep white cuffs, tied at the waist by a woven belt known as kera. The pouch which forms at the front traditionally was.used for carrying food bowls and a small dagger. Today men store their cell phones and wallets in the pouch; see photo at left of men in gho with bulging front pouches.

Complex weaving technique, typically used to make a wrap-dress in three panels.

Detail of supplementary weft weaving of one kira panel, out of three.

Women wear the kira, an ankle-length dress made of handwoven panels wrapped around the body and pinned at the shoulders. Over the kira they add a satin or brocade outer jacket known as a tego, with an inner blouse or layer called a wonju. However, people of ethnic groups such as the Bramis and Brokpas of eastern Bhutan generally wear traditional clothing that differs from the rest of the Bhutanese population.

Women dance at a festival in Bhutan, wearing traditional weaving in the form of skirts.

Women dance in traditional kira.

We’ll visit many weaving households and some larger weaving organizations in various towns and we’ll learn about the incredibly labor-intensive techniques used to make the women’s wrap dresses called kiras. The best place to see the women showing off their most exquisite outfits is of course at the three Buddhist celebrations that we will attend.

For the finest pieces, weavers use complex pickup techniques that sometimes involve wrapping the weft around the warp in specific patterns. This is called trima, and often looks like a chained embroidery technique. Because a finely detailed kira (right) can take almost a year to weave, a very intricate piece can cost several thousand dollars. Belts are stunning too, and quite affordable. As we visit the weaving centers, we’ll appreciate the huge variety of designs and color combinations, and perhaps find some textiles to buy!

TOUR COST:  $5620
 17 nights
Single Supplement:  $700
Maximum 12 travelers.

Terraced bright green rice fields, Bhutan

Bhutan landscape with rice fields.

Includes visa for Bhutan (see below), 17 nights in comfortable hotels in double/twin rooms with private bath, all meals (often buffets), all soft drinks and bottled water with meals, airport transfers for all flights, city tour of New Delhi, two flights from Delhi to Paro and Paro to Delhi OR Kolkata; English-speaking Bhutanese licensed guide during the trip, all in-country ground travel by private van with professional driver, tips for guide and driver, horseback transport to Tiger’s Nest Monastery tea house, entrance to all museums and sites on the itinerary, and an 8″ x 11″ photo book documenting your trip.

Not included: International airfare, alcoholic beverages, personal items such as laundry charges and any between-meal snacks or drinks. A generous tip per person for the guide and the van driver has already been added to the trip cost, so you don’t have to worry about tipping.

IMPORTANT! Travel Plans

Monks playing horns in a festival, wearing orange robes in Trashigang, Bhutan.

Monks at a festival in Trashigang.

Plan your flights to arrive in NEW DELHI on February 28. At the end of the trip, we will drive from the Bhutan border to the Guwahati Airport, India. On March 16 in the morning, you will fly from Guwahati to either Kolkata or New Delhi, whichever your return flight leaves from. Please check with us before confirming your flights, as this is a bit tricky! Details about flight possibilities will be sent when you sign up. There may be a pre-tour in Kolkata too, more info later.

Happy Bhutanese father and daughter, both wearing traditional dress.

Little girl in a mini-kira with Daddy in his traditional gho.


YOU will need a MULTIPLE ENTRY VISA for India; once you sign up, you will be sent the website link to get your one-year INDIA visa online. Or if you want a 10-year visa, you can fill out the forms and send your passport to the nearest visa office.

We will arrange the BHUTAN visas for you; you will need to send a scanned colored copy of your passport to the agent handling the visas; it’s all safe and official. When you arrive, you will get a piece of paper that serves as your official visa until you get a small stamp in your passport when we enter the country at Paro.
More info about visas and how to apply once you have signed up.

All photos by Cynthia except festival shots (Shutterstock) and Tiger’s Nest by Sudhir Joshi who traveled with me to Bhutan.